In the early 1900’s, Black Diamond was the most famous buffalo in the United States. A massive animal, he lived in the New York Zoological Gardens and was one of the zoo’s greatest attractions. The buffalo was both a symbol of the American West and a sacred animal to Native Americans. When he was asked to create a new design for the nickel, James Earle Fraser – one of the most prominent sculptors in the early 1900’s – chose Black Diamond for the reverse. The Buffalo Nickel was first issued in 1913. Black Diamond was still alive at this time; he died in 1915. When the coin was first minted, there may have been as few as 1,000 buffalo remaining on the western prairies. The buffalo is North America’s largest land animal, reaching weights of up to 2,800 pounds. Following his death, an entrepreneur offered “Black Diamond Steaks” to the public for $2 a pound! The obverse of the Buffalo Nickel features a composite portrait of three Native Americans who were still alive when the first coin was issued: Sioux chief Iron Tail, Cheyenne chief Two Moons and Seneca chief John Big Tree. Iron Tail and Two Moons both fought at the Battle of the Little Bighorn in 1876, while John Big Tree became a movie star. The last Buffalo Nickel was made in 1938, so all coins are now over 75 years old. They are fast disappearing and may soon become almost impossible to find. The legendary Buffalo Nickel is displayed alongside a U.S. stamp issued on July 20, 1970, as part of the Wildlife Conservation issue. The stamp also shows a buffalo to match the image on the coin. The set is presented in a custom wallet with a story card explaining the history of the coin and stamp and the significance of the buffalo.