During the Civil War, the Confederate States of America issued its own paper currency as an alternative to United States currency. The last Confederate $10 bill was first issued in March 1864, during the final year of the Civil War. It features a vignette on the front showing Confederate soldiers on horseback pulling a cannon into battle. Also shown is Robert M. Hunter, who was Confederate Secretary of State in the early stages of the Civil War from 1861 to 1862. He was also a member of the Confederate Senate from 1862 until the end of the Civil War in 1865. The back is blue. It features the denomination and elaborate designs. As proof of its authenticity, each Confederate $10 bill was hand-signed and hand-numbered on the front by Confederate officials.
The note was printed by Keatinge and Ball in Columbia, South Carolina, and was cut from the original sheet by hand due to a lack of machinery in the South to cut the notes. It is the large size of about 7 inches x 3 inches (much larger than today’s currency). Due to the lack of elaborate bank note paper in the South during the Civil War, the note was printed on regular paper. At the end of the Civil War in 1865, all Confederate currency was demonetized, and much of it was destroyed. Only a fraction survived, and those in top condition – like this note – are the most treasured. This is an authentic piece of Civil War history that is now 150 years old. It is protectively encapsulated in a custom wallet and comes with a description of the designs and a history of Confederate currency.